Today is the Solemnity of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, and today begins the annual two-day Coushatta Pow Wow.
Today’s Solemnity of the Sacred Heart always falls on the nineteenth day after Pentecost. The devotion especially emphasizes the unmitigated love, compassion, and long-suffering of the heart of Christ towards humanity, with Jesus’ physical heart as the representation of his divine love for humanity. Devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus can be clearly traced back at least to the eleventh century. It marked the spirituality of Bernard of Clairvaux in the twelfth century and of Bonaventure and Gertrude in the thirteenth. The beginnings of a devotion toward the love of God as symbolized by the heart of Jesus are found even in the fathers of the Church, including Origen, Ambrose, Jerome, Augustine of Hippo, Hippolytus of Rome, Irenaeus, Justin Martyr and Cyprian, who used in this regard John 7:37-39 and John 19:33-37. But the first liturgical feast of the Sacred Heart was celebrated, with episcopal approval, on August 31, 1670, in the major seminary of Rennes, France, through the efforts of Saint John Eudes. The Mass and Office composed by this saint were adopted elsewhere also, especially in connection with the spread of devotion to the Sacred Heart following on the revelations of Margaret Mary Alacoque. A Mass of the Sacred Heart won papal approval for use in Poland and Portugal in 1765, and another was approved for Venice, Austria and Spain in 1788. Finally, in 1856, Pope Pius IX established the Feast of the Sacred Heart as obligatory for the whole Church. Since 2002 the Solemnity of the Sacred Heart of Jesus is also a special Day of Prayer for the Sanctification of Priests. In the secular world, as today and tomorrow are the second consecutive Friday and Saturday in June, today begins the two-day annual Coushatta Pow-Wow. The Casino is owned and operated by the Sovereign Tribe of the Coushatta; this year is the 20th Annual Pow-Wow, featuring Native American dancing, organized into age and gender based contests. Everything takes place at the Pavilion, which is our large venue on the Casino (and reservation) grounds.
I did my Bathroom Devotional Reading, and on our way to work I did my Internet Devotional Reading. Once at the casino, we saw that (as expected) they had moved the Mini Baccarat and Pai Gow pit from in front of the High Stakes area to in front of the buffet. Richard Bluetoothed the photos he had on his phone from our trip to me, and I Bluetoothed the photos I had on my phone from our trip (plus all of the studio photos of our granddaughter, sans photographer’s watermarks) to him. Once we clocked in, Richard was at first the Relief Dealer for Sit-Down Blackjack and Three Card Blackjack. He then became the dealer on Flop Poker, and when the closed his table he was on the Shoe Blackjack game in High Stakes for the rest of our shift. Meanwhile, I was on a Blackjack game all day.
After work Richard picked up prescriptions at the Pharmacy. When we came back into town we stopped at Champagnes so that Richard could get some groceries. Once home I read the morning paper, then I took a nap for the rest of the day. While I was sleeping Richard went to Wal-Mart and purchased earbuds. And I did not do my Daily Update.
Tomorrow is the Memorial of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, the last Moveable Feast of the year that depends on the date of Easter. It is also the Memorial of Saint Anthony of Padua, Priest and Doctor, and the second day of the annual two-day Coushatta Pow Wow. On my breaks at work I will do my Daily Update via WordPress for Android, then I should start reading We Need to Talk about Kevin by Lionel Shriver on my Nook (I am thinking of not reading the book, and not going to the Third Tuesday Book Club meeting on Tuesday). In the afternoon I will go to the Adoration Chapel to do my Weekly Hour of Eucharistic Adoration. And I hope to not nap afterwards, as there is stuff I need to do at home.
Our Parting Quote this Friday afternoon comes to us from Elinor Ostrom, American political economist. Born as Elinor Awan in 1933 in Los Angeles, California, her father was Jewish while her mother was Protestant. She attended a Protestant church and often spent weekends staying with her aunt, who kept a kosher home. She graduated from high school in 1951 and then received a B.A. (with honors) in political science at UCLA in 1954. She was awarded an M.A. in 1962 and a Ph.D. in 1965, both from UCLA Department of Political Science. Ecologist Garrett Hardin in 1968 had written of the “tragedy of the commons”, in which individuals sharing a common resource will ultimately deplete the resource by following individual self-interest, Hardin recommended that the tragedy of the commons could be prevented by either more government regulation or privatizing the commons property. In 1973 Ostrom co-founded A Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis at Indiana University with her husband, Vincent Ostrom. Examining the use of collective action, trust, and cooperation in the management of common pool resources, her institutional approach to public policy, known as the institutional analysis and development (IAD) framework, was considered sufficiently distinct to be thought of as a separate school of public choice theory. She authored many books in the fields of organizational theory, political science, and public administration. Ostrom’s work emphasized how humans interact with ecosystems to maintain long-term sustainable resource yields and considered how societies have developed diverse institutional arrangements for managing natural resources and avoiding ecosystem collapse in many cases, even though some arrangements have failed to prevent resource exhaustion. Her work emphasized the multifaceted nature of human–ecosystem interaction and argued against any singular “panacea” for individual social-ecological system problems. Ostrom identified eight “design principles” of stable local common pool resource management:
- Clearly defined boundaries (effective exclusion of external un-entitled parties);
- Rules regarding the appropriation and provision of common resources that are adapted to local conditions;
- Collective-choice arrangements that allow most resource appropriators to participate in the decision-making process;
- Effective monitoring by monitors who are part of or accountable to the appropriators;
- A scale of graduated sanctions for resource appropriators who violate community rules;
- Mechanisms of conflict resolution that are cheap and of easy access;
- Self-determination of the community recognized by higher-level authorities;
- In the case of larger common-pool resources, organization in the form of multiple layers of nested enterprises, with small local CPRs at the base level.
The above principles have since been slightly modified and expanded to include a number of additional variables believed to affect the success of self-organized governance systems, including effective communication, internal trust and reciprocity, and the nature of the resource system as a whole. Ostrom was awarded the 2009 Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, which she shared with Oliver E. Williamson, for “her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons”. She was the first, and to date, the only woman to win the prize in this category. Her work was associated with the new institutional economics and the resurgence of political economy. Ostrom lived in Bloomington, Indiana and served on the faculty of both Indiana University and Arizona State University. She held a Distinguished Professor at Indiana University and was the Arthur F. Bentley Professor of Political Science and Co-Director of the Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis at Indiana University in Bloomington, as well as Research Professor and the Founding Director of the Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity at Arizona State University in Tempe. She was a lead researcher for the Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management Collaborative Research Support Program (SANREM CRSP), managed by Virginia Tech and funded by USAID, and was named one of Time Magazine’s “100 Most Influential People in the World” in 2012 (died 2012): “What we have ignored is what citizens can do and the importance of real involvement of the people involved — versus just having somebody in Washington … make a rule.”
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