Today is the Third Sunday of Advent, known as Gaudete Sunday. Today is also the Memorial of Saint Lucy, Virgin and Martyr (died about 304)
The Latin Gaudete is translated as Rejoice, the first word of the introit of the Mass for the Third Sunday of Lent: ‘Gaudéte in Dómino semper: íterum dico, gaudéte. Modéstia vestra nota sit ómnibus homínibus: Dóminus enim prope est. Nihil solíciti sitis: sed in omni oratióne petitiónes vestræ innotéscant apud Deum’. This can be translated as ‘Rejoice in the Lord always. Again I say, rejoice; let your forbearance be known to all, for the Lord is near at hand; have no anxiety about anything, but in all things, by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be known to God’ (Philippians 4:4-6). On Gaudete Sunday rose-colored vestments may be worn instead of violet, which is prescribed for every day in the season of Advent. In churches which have an Advent wreath, the rose colored candle is lit in addition to two of the violet colored candles, which represent the first two Sundays of Advent. Despite the otherwise somber readings of the season of Advent (which has as a secondary theme the need for penitence) the readings on the third Sunday emphasize the joyous anticipation of the Lord’s coming. Our Saint was born in 283 in Syracuse, Sicily, to a rich family, and vowed her life to Christ. Her Roman father died when she was young, and her mother arranged a marriage for her. For three years Lucy managed to stall her mother’s plans; finally, to change her mother’s mind about the girl’s new faith, Lucy prayed at the tomb of Saint Agatha, and her mother’s long hemorrhagic illness was cured. Her mother agreed with Lucy’s desire to live for God in perpetual virginity; however, her rejected pagan bridegroom, Paschasius, denounced Lucy as a Christian to the governor of Sicily. The governor sentenced her to forced prostitution, but when guards went to fetch her, they could not move her even when they hitched her to a team of oxen. The governor ordered her killed instead. After torture that included having her eyes torn out (and miraculously restored), she was surrounded by bundles of wood which were set afire; the fire miraculously went out. She prophesied against her persecutors, and was executed by being stabbed to death with a dagger. She is usually shown in iconography as a young girl carrying her eyes in front of her on a plate, and her name comes from the Latin word for light. She is the Patron Saint of writers, martyrs, the blind, salesmen, those suffering from throat infections or epidemics, and the cities of Perugia, Italy, and Mfarta, Malta. In Scandinavia on this day the eldest girl in the family portrays Saint Lucia; putting on a white robe in the morning and wearing a crown full of candles, she serves her parents Lucia buns and coffee or mulled wine. A Hungarian custom is to plant wheat in a small pot on Saint Lucy’s day. By Christmas green sprouts appear, signs of life coming from death. The wheat is then carried to the manger scene as the symbol of Christ in the Eucharist.
I did my Bathroom Devotional Reading; when we left for work it was overcast, so no chance of seeing meteors. I did my Internet Devotional Reading on our way to work. Once we clocked in, for the last day of the pay period, Richard was on Mississippi Stud until he became the Relief Dealer for Pai Gow and Macau Mini Baccarat, and I was on Macau Mini Baccarat. On my breaks I did my Daily Update for yesterday, Saturday, December 12th, 2015 via WordPress for Android.
On our way home I read the December 2015 / January 2016 issue of our local diocesan magazine, and we stopped at Taco Bell so that Richard could get some lunch. Once home I turned the television to the Saints game, and while eating my lunch salad I read the Sunday papers. Richard then went to bed for the rest of the day; I tried to nap, but could not, and instead got up and did Advance Daily Update Drafts for this weblog through December 25th. Our New Orleans Saints won their away game with Tampa Bay by the score of 24 to 17; our Saints will next play a home game with the Detroit Lions on Monday, December 21st on Monday Night Football. Our LSU Women’s Basketball team won their home game with UC-Santa Barbara by the score of 68 to 50; our Lady Tigers will next face Rutgers in an away game on December 19th. And our LSU Men’s Basketball team lost their away game with Houston by the score of 98 to 105 in overtime; our Tigers will next play a home game with Gardner-Webb on December 16th. At 6:00 pm I lit the Advent Candles for the Third Sunday of Advent and lit the Candles for the Eighth and Last Night of Hanukkah. And now that I have just about finished my Daily Update, I will join Richard and go to sleep for the evening.
Tomorrow is the Memorial of Saint John of the Cross, Priest and Doctor (died 1591), and the Remembrance of Servant of God Catherine Doherty (died 1985). The Geminid Meteor Shower continues tomorrow, and tomorrow is the birthday of Devonne, another one of Richard’s cousins, and of Laurie, the daughter of Richard’s sister Bonnie in Texas (1966). Tomorrow begins another Pay Period at the casino. Once home from work I will make my lunch salads for Monday and Tuesday, eat my Monday salad, then continue putting up Christmas decorations. Tomorrow evening our New Orleans Pelicans will be playing an away game with the Portland Trail Blazers, and I will record the score of the game in Tuesday’s Daily Update.
Our Parting Quote on this afternoon of the Third Sunday of Advent comes to us from Floyd Red Crow Westerman, Sioux musician, political activist and actor. He was born as Floyd Kanghi Duta Westerman in 1936 in the Lake Traverse Reservation, South Dakota, home of the Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate, a federally recognized tribe, and one of the tribes of the Eastern Dakota subgroup of the Great Sioux Nation living within the state of South Dakota. Kanghi Duta means “Red Crow” in Dakota (one of the three Sioux related languages). At the age of 10 Westerman was sent to the Wahpeton Boarding School, where he first met Dennis Banks (who as an adult became a leader of the American Indian Movement). There he and other boys were forced to cut their traditionally long hair and forbidden to speak their native languages. He graduated from North Dakota State University with a B.A. degree in secondary education. He also served two years in the United States Marines. He then began a career as a singer with the album Custer Died For Your Sins (1969). His recordings offered a probing analysis of European influences in Native American communities. In addition to several solo recordings, Westerman collaborated with Jackson Browne, Willie Nelson, Bonnie Raitt, Harry Belafonte, Joni Mitchell, Kris Kristofferson, and Buffy Sainte-Marie. Westerman was recognized for his political advocacy for Native American causes. At times he participated in the American Indian Movement. He became interested in acting after years of performing as a singer. He was in an episode of MacGyver in 1988 before making his film debut in Renegades (1989), in which he played Red Crow, the Lakota Sioux father of Hank Storm, the character played by Lou Diamond Phillips. Additional film roles included Chief Ten Bears in Dances with Wolves (1990), and the shaman for the singer Jim Morrison in Oliver Stone’s The Doors (1991). For the next several years he played Native Americans in several television series, including two episodes of Northern Exposure, fifteen episodes of Walker Texas Ranger, and five episodes of The X-Files. In 2000 the American Indian Expo named Westerman Celebrity of the Year. He appeared as Standing Elk, alongside his long-time friend Max Gail, in the family film Tillamook Treasure (2006). He was seen as well in the beginning of Hidalgo (2004), as Chief Sitting Bull in Buffalo Bill’s circus. From 2003 through 2007 Westerman appeared in a number of television advertisements for Lakota brand topical pain reliever, for which he often wore traditional Native dress. In September 2007 Westerman finished work for the film Swing Vote (2008) (died 2007): “Everybody is so distracted by things for the self. They don’t care about their relatives anymore. The SUV shows how we feel about the environment. To turn this around, we need to go back to the earth and live with the earth spiritually.”