Daily Update: Sunday, March 13th, 2016

Daylight Savings Time Begins

Today is the Fifth Sunday in Lent, and we have no Saints to honor. And since today is the Second Sunday in March, today is also the day that Daylight Savings Time begins in most locations in these United States.

We cannot praise (or blame) Benjamin Franklin for Daylight Savings Time; while he did write an anonymous essay to The Journal of Paris in 1784, his essay was satire, suggesting among other things that “Every morning, as soon as the sun rises, let all the bells in every church be set ringing; and if that is not sufficient?, let cannon be fired in every street, to wake the sluggards effectually, and make them open their eyes to see their true interest.” Historically, retailing, sports and tourism interests have favored daylight saving, while agricultural interests have opposed it, and its initial adoption has been prompted by energy crisis and war. Daylight saving time was established by the Standard Time Act of 1918, which was was intended to save electricity for seven months of the year, during World War I. DST was repealed in 1919 over a Presidential veto, but standard time in time zones remained in law, with the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) having the authority over time zone boundaries. Daylight time became a local matter. During World War II, Congress enacted the War Time Act (56 Stat. 9) on January 20th, 1942. Year-round DST was reinstated in the United States on February 9, 1942, again as a wartime measure to conserve energy resources. This remained in effect until after the end of the war. The Amendment to the War Time Act (59 Stat. 537), enacted September 25th, 1945, ended DST as of September 30th, 1945. From 1945 to 1966 U.S. federal law did not address DST. States and cities were free to observe DST or not, and most places that did observe DST did so from the last Sunday in April to the last Sunday in September. The U.S. federal Uniform Time Act became law on April 13, 1966 and it mandated that DST begin nationwide on the last Sunday in April and end on the last Sunday in October, effective in 1967. Any state that wanted to be exempt from DST could do so by passing a state law, provided that it exempted the entire state, and Alaska, Arizona, Hawaii, Indiana, and Michigan chose to do so. However, Alaska, Indiana, and Michigan subsequently chose to observe DST. The law was amended in 1972 to permit states that straddle a time zone boundary to exempt the entire area of the state lying in one time zone. Indiana chose to exempt the portion of the state lying in the Eastern Time Zone; however, that exemption was eliminated in 2006 and the entire state of Indiana now observes DST, leaving Arizona (with the exception of the Navajo Indian Reservation) and Hawaii as the only two states not to observe DST. In response to the 1973 energy crisis, DST in the United States began earlier in both 1974 and 1975, commencing on the first Sunday in January (January 6th) in the former year and the last Sunday in February (February 23th) in the latter. The extension of daylight saving time was not continued due to public opposition to late sunrise times during the winter months. In 1976 the United States reverted to the schedule set in the Uniform Time Act.  On July 8, 1986, President Ronald Reagan signed the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1986 into law that contained a daylight saving rider authored by Senator Slade Gorton (R-WA). The starting date of DST was amended to the first Sunday in April effective in 1987. DST continued to end on the last Sunday in October. By the Energy Policy Act of 2005, DST was extended in the United States beginning in 2007. As of that year, DST begins on the second Sunday of March and ends on the first Sunday of November.

On Saturday night our New Orleans Pelicans lost their away game with the Milwaukee Bucks by the score of 92 to 103, and our #7 ranked LSU Baseball team in the second game of their three-game home series beat Ball State by the score of 9 to 3.

Richard and I woke up one hour early (I had set my phone’s time ahead an hour so that my alarms would work), and I did my Bathroom Devotional Reading. When we left for work I put my phone back on automatic time, did my Internet Devotional Reading, and posted to Facebook that today began Daylight Savings Time. We clocked in at 1:53 am CST, and seven minutes later it was 3:00 am CDT. Richard was the Relief dealer for an overflow Blackjack table (once), Mini Baccarat, and the two Pai Gow tables. I was on Mini Baccarat, and at the end of our shift I broke Richard’s two Pai Gow tables, as his hip was hurting him. On my breaks I continued reading The Sense of an Ending by Julian Barnes.

On our way home I continued reading, and we stopped at our bank’s ATM for some cash. Once home I put Polish on my toenails and ate my lunch salad while reading the Sunday papers. I then took a nap for the rest of the day, and I did not do my Daily Update. Our #7 ranked LSU Baseball team in the third game of their three-game home series beat Ball State by the score of 10 to 6; their next game will be a single home game with New Orleans on March 16th at 6:30 pm. And our LSU Men’s Basketball team was not chosen to play in the NCAA Tournament, and opted not to go to the NIT Tournament, so they will have no post-season play.

Tomorrow is the Remembrance of Servant of God Chiara Silvia Chiara (died 2008), and tomorrow is also π Day, because tomorrow is March 14, or 3-14, and the first three digits of π are 3.14. We will work our eight hours, and I will be fasting from 3:00 am. On my breaks I will do my Daily Update for yesterday via WordPress for Android, and I will continue reading The Sense of an Ending by Julian Barnes. After work Richard will have his appointment with the Nurse Practitioner at the clinic, and I will have Blood Drawn for Lab Work ahead of my appointment next Monday with the Nurse Practitioner. When I get home from work I will make lunch salads and eat one of them, and I will continue to read The Sense of an Ending by Julian Barnes until I finish it. I will then do my Book Review for my weblog and for my GoodReads and Facebook accounts for the book. And our New Orleans Pelicans will be playing a late evening game with the Golden State Warriors; I will post the score of the game in Tuesday’s Daily Update.

Our Parting Quote for this Sunday afternoon comes to us from Malachi Throne, American actor. Born in 1928 in New York City, New York and raised in The Bronx, his parents were immigrants from Austria-Hungary. His first acting role was in 1930, when he was in the New York Parks Department production of Tom Sawyer, playing Huckleberry Finn. He quit high school to go into acting, although he did go back and get his diploma. He also managed to get degrees from Brooklyn College and Long Island University; while he loved acting, he was convinced that he would not make enough money from it to live, and he wanted to ensure that he could have a career as a high-school English teacher if necessary. When he was 21 years old the Korean Conflict broke out, and Throne wound up in the infantry attached to an armored unit. When he returned to the New York theatrical scene, he found out that the revolution Marlon Brando had started in 1947 playing Stanley Kowalski in A Streetcar Named Desire (1951) was now the status quo. Possessed of a deep, classically trained voice, Throne was cast in the parts of characters much older than his actual age. His clear enunciation also made him a natural for live television, and he went to work on the now-defunct DuMont TV network. He continued his acting studies in New York, tutored by such luminaries as Uta Hagen and William Hickey. In addition to TV, he continued to work on the the stage, appearing in the landmark Off-Broadway production of Eugene O’Neill’s The Iceman Cometh, in support of Jason Robards. He also played in the famous Off-Broadway revivals of The Threepenny Opera and Clifford Odets’ Rocket To The Moon, as well as appearing on Broadway in such top shows as Jean Anouilh’s Becket in support of Laurence Olivier. In 1958 he found himself in California, playing a season at San Diego’s Old Globe Theater. After his stint with the Globe was over, he went north, to Hollywood, and established himself as a major character actor in guest spots on series television during the 1960s. Throne provided the voice of the Keeper in Star Trek’s 1964 pilot episode “The Cage”, which was not telecast in its original form until 1988, though most of the episode was included within the two-part episode “The Menagerie” which was broadcast in 1966. Throne was also hired to play another role in “The Menagerie,” which was technically a dual role: a commodore in Starfleet named José I. Mendez, the officer in charge of the starbase where the story began, and a replica of him created by Talosian illusion, who presided at Spock’s court martial. As his voice was recognizably the same as that of the Keeper, the Keeper’s voice was electronically altered in pitch. Throne was in six episodes of Ben Casey in 1964 and 1965 (playing two different doctors) and in 1966 he played the villain False Face in two episodes of Batman. The character, who used a variety of disguises to effect his nefarious schemes, wore a semitransparent mask when not in the middle of his crimes. The mask rendered Throne’s real face unrecognizable on screen. Miffed because another guest star was making more money in the episode, Throne refused to let them put his name in the credits, so the show’s producers wrote the onscreen credit as “? as False Face”. However, at the end credits of “Holy Rat Race”, the second episode, Throne’s full name was credited. In 1968 he was cast as Robert Wagner’s boss on the TV show It Takes a Thief (1968) while continuing to guest on other TV shows. Throne also remained committed to the stage, appearing as a resident actor with a variety of regional theaters, including the San Francisco Actors’ Workshop, the Los Angeles Inner City Repertory Co., the Mark Taper Forum and the Louisville Free Theatre. He narrated the teaser trailer for the movie Star Wars in 1977. He continued to act in television through the 1970s and 1980s; in the 1990s in the American television series Babylon 5, Throne became known to a new generation of science fiction viewers as Prime Minister Malachi, a high official of the Centauri government, in the “The Coming of Shadows” (died 2013): “My first agent told me to change my name or I’d only play Jewish parts or Indians. Of course I refused to change it. Shortly thereafter she came up to me and told me I had to keep it, because her numerologist said it was very, very good.”

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