Today is the Thirty-Second Sunday in Ordinary Time. Today also marks the beginning of National Vocation Awareness Week. We have no Saints to honor, but we do recall a Bishop, for it was on this date in 1789 that Pope Pius VI confirmed (rather than appointed) Father John Carroll as the first Catholic bishop in the United States. Daylight Savings Time ends today, and it is also the birthday of one of Richard’s grandnieces in Texas, a granddaughter of his Sister Bonnie in Texas (1996).
Today is the beginning of National Vocation Awareness Week. The observance of this Week began in 1976 when the National Conference of Catholic Bishops designated the 28th Sunday of the year as the beginning of National Vocation Awareness Week. In 1997 the start of this celebration was moved to coincide with the Feast of the Baptism of the Lord. In 2014 National Vocation Awareness Week was moved to the first full week in November. Today, and each day this week, we pray, “God our Father, we thank you for calling men and women to serve in your Son’s Kingdom as priests, deacons, religious, and consecrated persons. Send your Holy Spirit to help us respond generously and courageously to your call. May our community of faith support vocations of sacrificial love in our youth. We ask this through our Lord Jesus Christ, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. Amen.” Turning to the first Catholic Bishop in the United States, Carroll was born in 1735 in Maryland; his cousin Charles Carroll was the only Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence and the first United States Senator from Maryland, and his older brother Daniel Carroll became one of only five men to sign both the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution of the United States. Carroll was ordained to the priesthood as a Jesuit in 1769, and in April 1789 was elected Bishop by his peers; he remains the only American Bishop to have been elected (and then to have his election confirmed by the Pope, on this date in 1789) rather than being simply appointed by the Pope. He was consecrated by Bishop Charles Walmesley on August 15th, 1790, the Feast of the Assumption, in the chapel of Lulworth Castle in Dorset, England, without an oath to the English church. Carroll orchestrated the founding and early development of Georgetown University, which began instruction in 1791. That same year Carroll convened the first diocesan synod in the United States. The twenty-two priests at the First Synod of Baltimore discussed baptism, confirmation, penance, the celebration of the liturgy, anointing of the sick, mixed marriages and supplemental legislation concerning things such as the rules of fast and abstinence. The decrees of this synod represent the first local canonical legislation in the new nation. Among the regulations were that parish income should be divided in thirds: one third for the support of the clergy, one third for the maintenance of church facilities, and one third for the support of the poor. Bishop Carroll insisted that the readings in the liturgy be read in the vernacular (rather than in Latin), and promoted the use of vernacular languages in the liturgy, but was unable to gain the support for such reform by the church hierarchy. (His wish was granted by the Second Vatican Council, in 1965.) In 1806 Bishop Carroll oversaw the construction of the first cathedral in the thirteen United States, the Cathedral of the Assumption (today called the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary) in Baltimore, Maryland, which was designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe, architect of the United States Capitol. The cornerstone of the cathedral was laid by Carroll on July 7th, 1806. In 1808 Pope Pius VII made Baltimore the first archdiocese in the United States, with suffragan bishops in Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Bardstown, Kentucky. Three of the four new bishops were ordained by Archbishop Carroll in the fall of 1810, after which followed two weeks of meetings in what was an unofficial provincial council. Among the resolutions coming out of these meetings was a request to the Holy See that future episcopal nominations be made by the United States hierarchy, not by European prelates. Bishop Carroll died in Baltimore on December 3rd, 1815, some six years before the completion of the Cathedral of the Assumption. His remains are interred in the crypt of the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which can be visited by the public. In the secular world, Daylight Savings Time (DST) was first instituted in the United States in 1918. The idea was unpopular, however, and Congress abolished DST after the war, overriding President Woodrow Wilson’s veto. DST became a local option and was observed in some states until World War II, when President Franklin Roosevelt instituted year-round DST, called “War Time”, on February 9th, 1942. It lasted until the last Sunday in September 1945. The next year many states and localities adopted summer DST. From 1945 on there was no federal law regarding daylight saving time, so states and localities were free to choose whether to observe it, and could choose when it began and ended. By 1962 the transportation industry found the lack of nationwide consistency in time observance confusing enough to push for federal regulation. This drive resulted in the Uniform Time Act of 1966 (P.L. 89-387), which mandated standard time within the established time zones and provided for advanced time: clocks would be advanced one hour beginning at 2:00 a.m. on the last Sunday in April and turned back one hour at 2:00 a.m. on the last Sunday in October. States were allowed to exempt themselves from DST as long as the entire state did so. During the 1973 oil embargo by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), in an effort to conserve fuel, Congress enacted a trial period of year-round DST (P.L. 93-182), beginning January 6th, 1974, and ending April 27th, 1975. In 1986 the 99th Congress enacted P.L. 99-359, which amended the Uniform Time Act, by changing the beginning of DST to the first Sunday in April and having the end remain the last Sunday in October. By the Energy Policy Act of 2005 DST was extended in the United States in 2007; it now starts on the second Sunday of March and it ends on the first Sunday of November. (Either way, I still go to work in the dark.) Today is also the birthday of one of Richard’s grandnieces in Texas, a granddaughter of his Sister Bonnie in Texas; in keeping with my general policy, I will not mention her name until she turns twenty-one next year (1996).
Richard forgot about the time change, got up at 5:45 am, and woke me up a 6:15 am in our room at the Quality Inn in Denver, Colorado. I changed the time on my watches, and changed the time on my blood sugar monitor and my blood pressure monitor. I then did my Book Devotional Reading. We checked out and ate the Continental breakfast (no waffles, due to two high school sports teams staying in the hotel), and left at 8:30 am. I did my Internet Devotional Reading and did my Daily Update for yesterday, Saturday, November 5th, 2016. We ate Roast Beef Poboys and continued listening to The Gangster by Clive Cussler and Justin Scott, Read by Scott Brick. When we stopped at a Random Convenience Store in Cedaredge, I dropped my phone on the pavement, but only cracked my Black Glass screen protector.
At 2:15 pm we arrived at the Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park near Montrose, Colorado. At the Visitors Center we did light hiking, saw the movie, purchased a hiking staff, a lapel piece for Liz Ellen, and t-shirts. We then drove the South Rim Road.
We left my 172nd National Park at 3:45 pm and continued listening to The Gangster by Clive Cussler and Justin Scott, Read by Scott Brick. Our LSU Lady Tigers in their Exhibition Basketball game beat the LeMoyne-Owen Magician’s by the score of 81 to 34; our Lady Tigers will next play an Award game with the Louisiana Tech Lady Tech stars on November 11th. We checked in at the Inn at Lost Creek in Mountain Village, Colorado at 5:30 pm as it was getting dark. Our New Orleans Saints beat the San Francisco Forty-nine by the score of 41 to 23; our New Orleans Saints will next play the Denver Broncos on November 13th.
National Vocation Awareness Week continues. With no Saints to honor, we will note that tomorrow is the anniversary of the day in 1940 when the original Tacoma Narrows Bridge in Tacoma, Washington collapsed in a windstorm, a mere four months after the bridge’s completion. Tomorrow is the midpoint of the Autumn Season, and tomorrow is also the birthday of my son Matthew (1986). We will relax and explore Mountain Village and Telluride. The First Quarter Moon will arrive at 12:53 pm. Our LSU Tigers will play a home Exhibition College Basketball game with the Reinhardt Eagles, and our New Orleans Pelicans (0-6, 0-2) will play a home Pro Basketball game with the Golden State Warriors (4-2, 1-1).
On this Sunday evening our Parting Quote comes to us from L. Sprague de Camp, American author. Born in 1907 in New York City, he trained as an aeronautical engineer, receiving a Bachelor of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the California Institute of Technology in 1930 and a Master of Science degree in Engineering from Stevens Institute of Technology in New Jersey in 1933. He was also a surveyor and patent expert. His first published story was “The Isolinguals”, in the September 1937 issue of Astounding Science Fiction. In 1939 he married, and published Lest Darkness Fall, an early alternate history novel that helped define the genre. During World War II de Camp worked at the Philadelphia Naval Yard with fellow authors Isaac Asimov and Robert A. Heinlein. He rose to the rank of Lieutenant Commander in the Naval Reserve. De Camp was a materialist who wrote works examining society, history, technology and myth. He published numerous short stories, novels, non-fiction works and poems during his long career, which spanned 60 years and over 100 books; starting in the 1960s, his wife collaborated with him on many of his books. De Camp had the mind of an educator, and a common theme in many of his works is a corrective impulse regarding similar previous works by other authors. A highly rational and logical thinker, he was frequently disturbed by what he regarded as logical lapses and absurdities in others’ writings. De Camp’s science fiction is marked by a concern for linguistics and historical forces. He was best known for his light fantasy, and also known for his sword and sorcery works. De Camp also wrote historical fiction, works debunking doubtful history and pseudoscientific claims of the supernatural, and biographies of many key fantasy writers. He was the guest of honor at the 1966 World Science Fiction Convention and won the Nebula Award as a Grandmaster (1978) and the Hugo Award in 1997 for his autobiography, Time and Chance (died 2000): “It does not pay a prophet to be too specific.”