Today is the Remembrance of Blessed Pius IX, Pope (died 1878).
Today’s Blessed was born as Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti in 1792 in Senigallia, Papal States (later Italy). He entered the Papal Noble Guard in 1815 but was soon dismissed after an epileptic seizure. He threw himself at the feet of Pius VII who elevated him and supported his continued theological studies. Ordained in 1819, the Pope originally insisted that another priest should assist Mastai during Holy Mass, a stipulation that was later rescinded, after his epileptic seizure attacks became less frequent, He moved up in the Church ranks (and was the Auditor to assist the Apostolic Nuncio in the first mission to post-revolutionary South America). Pope Leo XII appointed Father Mastai-Ferretti Archbishop of Spoleto in 1827 at the age of 35. During an earthquake he made a reputation as an efficient organizer of relief and great charity. The following year he was moved to the more prestigious diocese of Imola, was made a cardinal in pectore in 1839, and in 1840 was publicly announced as Cardinal-Priest of Santi Marcellino e Pietro. The Papal Conclave of 1846 elected Mastai-Ferretti, despite his lack of diplomatic or curial experience. Initially seen as a liberal Pope, a series of terrorist acts sponsored by Italian liberals and nationalists, which included the assassination of his Minister of the Interior, Pellegrino Rossi among others and which forced him briefly to flee Rome in 1848, led to his growing skepticism towards the liberal, nationalist agenda. He was a Marian Pope, who in his encyclical Ubi Primum described Mary as a Mediatrix of salvation. In 1854 he promulgated the dogma of the Immaculate Conception, articulating a long-held Catholic belief that Mary, the Mother of God, was conceived without original sin. In 1858 in a highly publicized case the police of the Papal States took a 6-year-old Jewish boy, Edgardo Mortara, from his parents. A Christian servant girl of the family, fearing he would die, had reportedly baptized him while he was ill. The law did not permit Christians to be raised by Jews, even their own parents. Pius raised the boy in the papal household and the boy later was ordained a priest. In 1862 he convened 300 bishops to the Vatican for the canonization of Twenty-six Martyrs of Japan. His most important legacy is the First Vatican Council, which convened in 1869. This Council discussed many issues, especially the dogma of papal infallibility, which Pius was eager to have officially defined by the council; but the council was interrupted as Italian nationalist troops threatened Rome. The council is considered to have contributed to a centralization of the Roman Catholic Church in the Vatican. He was the last Sovereign of the Papal States, which became part of Italy in 1870; Victor Emmanuel granted Pius IX the Law of Guarantees which gave the Pope the use of the Vatican but denied him sovereignty over this territory, nevertheless granting him the right to send and receive ambassadors and 3.25 million liras a year. Pius IX officially rejected this offer, retaining his claim to all the conquered territory. Although he was not forbidden or prevented from travelling as he wished, he called himself a prisoner in the Vatican. In 1875 Pius declared a Holy Year that was celebrated throughout the Catholic world. He served as Pope for 32 years, with the second-longest Papacy in history (after that of Saint Peter), and his Papacy marked the beginning of the Pope being a purely Spiritual ruler. He was beatified in 2000; if you know of any miracles that can be attributed to his intercession, please contact the Vatican.
Last night our New Orleans Pelicans won their NBA game with the Phoenix Suns by the score of 111 to 106.
When I woke up half an hour early today I did my Book Devotional Reading; Richard checked his phone, and found that Callie had agreed to come over with Michelle and Kitten for lunch. On our way to work I did my Internet Devotional Reading. We signed the Early Out list, and when we clocked in, Richard was on a Blackjack table, and I was on Mini Baccarat; we were not at our tables for more than five minutes before we were out early, with no time. We got home at 4:00 am, and I went back to bed.
When I woke up (again) at 9:15 am, Richard had gone to Wal-Mart, and was grilling steaks. I read the morning paper, then got online to work on Advance Daily Update Drafts. The girls arrived at 11:15 am, and we had grilled steak, real mashed potatoes, and baked beans for lunch. The girls left at 1:30 pm, and I went back to the computer. Richard took a nap at 2:00 pm. I did several Advance Daily Update Drafts, watched Jeopardy! at 4:30 pm, then woke Richard up. We went over to Ken and Lisa’s at 6:00 pm, saw the girls and Lisa, visited, said our goodbyes, and left at about 7:30 pm. Richard got something to eat for himself at Taco Bell; when we got home I finished working on my Advance Daily Update Drafts through Friday of next week, and started on today’s Daily Update. Our LSU Tigers lost their College Basketball game with the #15 ranked Kentucky Wildcats by the score of 65 to 92; our LSU Tigers (9-14, 1-10) will next play a Home College Basketball game with the Arkansas Razorbacks (17-6, 6-4) on Saturday, February 11th, 2017. I will now finish today’s Daily Update and go to bed.
Tomorrow is the Optional Memorial of Saint Jerome Emiliani, Priest (died 1537) and the Optional Memorial of Saint Josephine Bakhita, Virgin (died 1947). Callie and Kitten will be flying home to South Carolina. I will wake up early to do my laundry and the Weekly Computer Maintenance. In the afternoon I will get my hair cut and file our tax returns. Our New Orleans Pelicans (20-32, 2-6) will be playing a Home NBA game with the Utah Jazz (33-19, 5-4) .
Our Parting Quote this Tuesday evening comes to us from Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American author and aviator. Born as Anne Morrow in 1906 in Englewood, New Jersey, her father was a partner in J.P. Morgan & Co., who became United States Ambassador to Mexico and United States Senator from New Jersey, and her mother was a poet, teacher, and the acting president of her alma mater, Smith College. She grew up in a household that fostered achievement; she graduated from Smith College with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1928; while at Smith she received the Elizabeth Montagu Prize for her essay on women of the eighteenth century and Madame d’Houdetot, and the Mary Augusta Jordan Literary Prize for her fictional piece entitled “Lida Was Beautiful”. She had met aviator Charles Lindbergh in 1927 in Mexico City; they were married in 1929. That year Morrow Lindbergh flew solo for the first time, and in 1930 became the first American woman to earn a first class glider pilot’s license. Her first child, Charles Lindbergh, Jr., was born in 1930; at twenty months of age the child was kidnapped and later found dead. The frenzied press attention paid to the Lindberghs, particularly after the kidnapping of their son and later the trial, conviction and execution of Bruno Richard Hauptmann, prompted the couple to move first to England, to a house called Long Barn owned by Harold Nicolson and Vita Sackville-West, and later to the small island of Illiec, off the coast of Brittany in France. Eventually the couple had five more children. In the 1930s they together explored and charted air routes between continents; the Lindberghs were the first to fly from Africa to South America, and explored polar air routes from North America to Asia and Europe. In 1933 Morrow Lindbergh received the U.S. Flag Association Cross of Honor for having taken part in surveying transatlantic air routes. The following year, she was awarded the Hubbard Medal by the National Geographic Society for having completed 40,000 miles of exploratory flying with her husband. Her first book, North to the Orient (1935), won one of the inaugural National Book Awards: the Most Distinguished General Nonfiction of 1935, voted by the American Booksellers Association. While in Europe they came to advocate isolationist views that led to their fall from grace in the eyes of many. In the late 1930s, the U.S. Air Attaché in Berlin invited Charles Lindbergh to inspect the rising power of Nazi Germany’s Air Force. Impressed by German technology and their apparent number of aircraft, as well as influenced by the staggering number of deaths from World War I, Lindbergh opposed U.S. entry into the impending European conflict. Morrow Lindbergh’s second book Listen! The Wind (1938) won the Most Distinguished General Nonfiction award after the Nonfiction category had subsumed Biography. In 1938 the Lindberghs moved back to the United States. Due to his outspoken beliefs about a future war that would envelop their homeland, the antiwar America First Committee quickly adopted Lindbergh as their leader in 1940. That same year Morrow Lindbergh wrote The Wave of the Future, arguing that something resembling fascism was the unfortunate “wave of the future”. After the attack on Pearl Harbor and Germany’s declaration of war, the committee disbanded, and Charles Lindbergh pressed to become involved in the military, eventually finding a way to enter combat, albeit as a civilian. After the war the Lindberghs wrote books that rebuilt the reputations they had gained and lost before World War II. The publication of Gift from the Sea in 1955 earned Morrow Lindbergh her place as one of the leading advocates of the nascent environmental movement and became a national best seller. From 1957 until his death in 1974 Charles Lindbergh had an affair with Brigitte Hesshaimer, a Bavarian woman 24 years his junior, that produced three children, whom he supported financially. He also had sexual relationships with Brigitte’s sister Marietta, who bore him two sons, and with his former private secretary, who bore him two more children. Bring Me a Unicorn: Diaries and Letters of Anne Morrow Lindbergh, 1922-1928 was published in 1971, Hour of Gold, Hour of Lead: Diaries And Letters Of Anne Morrow Lindbergh, 1929-1932 was published in 1973, Locked Rooms and Open Doors: Diaries And Letters of Anne Morrow Lindbergh, 1933-1935 was published in 1974, and The Flower and the Nettle: Diaries And Letters of Anne Morrow Lindbergh, 1936-1939 was published in 1976. She was inducted into the National Aviation Hall of Fame in 1979. War Without and Within: Diaries And Letters of Anne Morrow Lindbergh, 1939-1944 was published in 1980, and was given the Christopher Award, presented to the producers, directors, and writers of books, motion pictures and television specials that “affirm the highest values of the human spirit”. In 1993 Women in Aerospace presented her with an Aerospace Explorer Award in recognition of her achievements in, and contributions to, the aerospace field. After suffering a series of strokes in the early 1990s, which left her confused and disabled, Morrow Lindbergh continued to live in her home in Connecticut with the assistance of round-the-clock caregivers. She was inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame (1996), the Aviation Hall of Fame of New Jersey, and the International Women in Aviation Pioneer Hall of Fame (1999). During a visit to her daughter Reeve Lindbergh’s family in 1999 she came down with pneumonia, after which she went to live near her daughter in a small home built on her daughter’s Vermont farm. In 2002 Reeve Lindbergh published No More Words: A Journal of My Mother, Anne Morrow Lindbergh, about her mother’s last words and her inability to communicate due to her strokes (died 2001): “I do not believe that sheer suffering teaches. If suffering alone taught, all the world would be wise, since everyone suffers. To suffering must be added mourning, understanding, patience, love, openness and the willingness to remain vulnerable. All these and other factors combined, if the circumstances are right, can teach and can lead to rebirth.”